The pelham comes with short and long shanks. A pelham with short shanks is also called a baby pelham. A pelham with long shanks is an ordinary pelham.
This bit can be used with 1 or 2 reins. You can also use a pelham strap or also called 'a bridge', this connects the bit ring with the rings that are attached to the scissors of the bit. When using this leash, only 1 rein is used. The pelham is used in combination with a chinstrap.
A pelham is often used with stronger horses. Due to the heddle of the scissors, this bit works sharply. By using a pelham, a horse is easier to set deep. The longer the scissors, the sharper the effect.
The pelham is not suitable for inexperienced riders or horses, this bit can act quite strongly.
Description rubber/plastic bits:
A rubber bit can be flexible but can also contain a hard core. The flexible version usually contains a steel wire in the core so that the bit cannot break. The flexible version is softer. Black rubber has the disadvantage that if a horse has a drier mouth, the bit gets hot due to friction and can burn on the tongue. If a horse produces enough saliva, this bit is a soft version of a metal bit. The plastic version (Beris, Happy Mouth) is smoother and does not have this problem.
Features single broken mouthpiece:
Due to the breaking point of the single broken mouthpiece, the tongue will lie more freely than with a double broken mouthpiece or rod. A single broken mouthpiece mainly acts on the layers and side of the tongue.